Ancient: Greek society and institutions; Slavery and Greek Political Thought: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle; Four schools of thought-Sophists, Epicureanism, Cynicism, Stoicism; Roman contributions to political thought: Polybius, Cicero and Seneca. Medieval: Social structure and political thought; Feudalism and General features-Kingship; Church versus State; St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, Dante, Marsilio of Padua, Conciliar movement.
Part A: Political Theory Political Science, Political Theory, State, Sovereignty, Power and Authority, Law and Morality, Justice, Liberty and Equality, Rights and Responsibilities, Nation and Nationality, Electorate and Electoral System, Public Opinion. Part B: Political Organization Political Organization and Institution, Constitution of State, Forms of Government, Organs of Governments: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, Separation of Powers, Rule of Law, Political Party, Pressure Group, Bureaucracy, Civil Society.
UK: Magna Carta 1215, Bill of Rights 1628, Glorious Revolution 1688 and Growth of Bourgeoisie; Constitutional development; Usages-Conventions-Customs; Monarchy: its functions and prerogatives, its relationship with the Parliament; Cabinet: its peculiarities; Structure of government: executive, legislative, judicial and administrative-their functions and roles; Lawmaking procedure-principles of judicial administration; Commonwealth relations. USA: American Revolution 1776, Freedom from British Colonial Rule, Constitution and Federalism; Constitutional development; Theory of separation of power and checks and balance; Congress: congressional powers, the committee system, law making procedure; The Presidency: roles and powers of the president, constraints on presidential power; the President and the Congress, The Judicial system, Judicial review, Party system, Electoral system. France: Feudalism, French Revolution 1789 and Growth of Bourgeoisie; Equality, Fraternity and Liberty; Constitutional development; Political institutions: Their structures and functions legislature, executive, judiciary; Division of power between legislature and executive; President and Prime Minister- A power balance; Party system; Electoral process.
Sociology: Definition, nature, scope and its relationship with other social sciences; Fundamental concepts-society, community, association, institution, group, Factors in the social life of human being-culture and civilization, forms of interaction; Population and society, Types of groups: primary and secondary groups, marriage, family and kinship, rural and urban communities, crowds and public, Life, heredity and environment-geography and society: Social control, conformity and deviance, social norms, status and role; Social inequality, nature and types; Social differentiation and stratification, Marx’s theory of class, Social mobility; Society as a system of institutions, interrelationship of institutions; Major social institutions: economic institutions occupation, property and the economy, political institutions-sociology of political life, state and government: Bureaucracy, army; Education, functions, mobility and social development; Max Weber, Power and authority, Political socialization and political culture, Change and development: Political violence and revolution, Political modernization.
Modern/modernity, post-modern critique of modernity; Europe as geography, as Occident; Socio-economic history: Reformation and Renaissance; Scientific development and political philosophy; methods pursued in the development of modern political philosophy; Deconstruction and Texts; Growth of industrial capitalism and modern bourgeoisie. Political Philosophers: Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Montesquieu. Interpretations of this philosophy in the modern context.
Microeconomics: Supply and Demand: Opportunity Costs and the Gains from Trade; Market Supply and Demand, and Elasticity; Price Controls and Taxes; and Marginal Analysis and Consumer Choice Welfare Economics: Markets, Efficiency, and Welfare; and Welfare Analysis of Taxes, Tariffs and Transfers Firm Behavior in a Competitive Market Production, Inputs and Costs; Firm behavior in the short run and Entry, Exit and long run equilibrium Property Rights and Market Failures: Property Rights, Public Goods and Externalities Market Power and Regulation: Monopoly; and Oligopoly, Strategic Behavior, and Game Theory Factor Markets: The Labor Market; Poverty, Inequality and Discrimination and Time and Risk and Information. Macroeconomics: The Real Economy in the Long-run: Macro and Economic Growth: Economic Growth & Convergence: and Savings, Investment and the Financial System Money. Banking and Prices: Banking and the Bangladesh Bank and Money Supply and Demand Open Economics, Macroeconomic. Fluctuations and Stabilization: Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply and Macro Equilibrium; Aggregate Demand Management; Inflation and Unemployment; Current Issues in Macroeconomics.
A. India under Company Rule East India Company and establishment of Colony; Battle of Palashi 1757; Anglo-Mughal joint administration 1765-1772; Permanent Settlement 1793; Early resistance to colonial rule: Various peasant rebellions – Fakir – Sannaysi, weavers, indigo cultivators and others; socio-economic and religious reformist movements – Faraidi, Wahabi, Brahmo Samaj; Intelligentsia and Press; Sepoy meeting or first war of independence 1857; B. India Under British Raj Foundation of British rule 1858; Formation of Indian National Congress 1885; Muhammadan Literary Society 1863, Central National Muhammed Association 1877; Aligarh movement; C. Twentieth Century Bengal Socio-economic settings; Partition of Bengal and its annulment 1905-1911; Swadeshi movement; Rise of militant nationalism; Hindu-Muslim relations; Foundation of All-India Muslim League 1906; Khilafat – Non-cooperation movement, 1919-1922; C R Das – Swarajya Party and Bengal Pact 1923; Civil Disobedience movement 1930; Fazlul Huq and his Krishak-Praja Party; Constitutional development: Act of 1861, Act of 1892, Simla Deputation 1906 and demand for separate electorates, Act of 1909, Lucknow Pact 1916, Montague – Chelmsford Reforms or Act of 1919 and Dyarchy, Simon Commission 1927, Nehru Report 1928, Jinnah’s 14-point, Round Table conference 1930-1932, Communal Award 1932, Act of 1935 and Provincial Autonomy; 1937 Elections and Fazlul Huq Ministries; Ascendancy of Muslim. League and Pakistan movement in Bengal; Muslim separatism and demand for Pakistan; Bengali view of Pakistan; 1940 Lahore Resolution and Statehood ideal of Bengalis; 1946 Elections and formation of ministry under Suhrawardy; Cabinet Mission Plan 1946; Move for United Independent Bengal 1947; Indian Independence Act 1947 and Partition.
Public Administration and Development Administration: meaning, nature and scope; Public versus Private administration; Theories of administrative organization: classical, neo-classical and modern; Concept of development-developmental goals: social, political and economic; Process of social, political and economic changes that help development; Bureaucracy: its nature and role in Bangladesh; Bureaucracy and development; Organization and administrative requirements for development; Organizational forms and administrative structure; Elitist versus Non-elitist bureaucracy; Relations of administrative elite with political and other elites; Responsive nature of administration; New Public Management (NPM); Development history of the Civil Services: British-India, Pakistan and Bangladesh; Evolution of the structure of administration in Bangladesh; Recruitment Process; Role of PATC, Public Service Commission, Training Academy; Secretariat set-up, Attached offices-District administration.
Meanings of Oriental Political Thought; The idea of State, Governance and Social Justice in the Orient; Ancient and Medieval Indian Political Thought: Kautilya and Abul Fazl; Muslim Political Thinkers: Nature of State, Governance and Economic System- Al-Farabi, Ibn Rushd, Ibn Khaldun, Imam Gazzali Political Thinking in Bengal and Indian Sub-Continent: Rabindranath Tagore: Nationalism and Internationalism; M. K. Ghandi: Non-Violence Political Thought in South East Asia and the Pacific: Confucianism; Taoism.
International Politics: Definition, Nature and Scope; Understanding International Politics through Contending Paradigms: Realism, Liberalism, Neoliberal Institutionalism, Constructivism and Feminism; Contending Theories: Balance of Power, Balance of Threat, and Balance of Interests, Balancing: Hard and Soft, Offense-Defense Balance Theory, Democratic Peace Theory, Commercial Liberalism Theory, Cyclical Theories, Hegemonic Stability Theory, and Theories of Cooperation Power in International Politics: Hard, Soft and Smart Power; Force and Statecraft; War and Diplomacy; Theories of Foreign Policy; Diplomacy as an Instrument of Foreign Policy, Economic Diplomacy, Foreign Policy of Bangladesh; International Organization: Forms of International Organization; The United Nations: Origin, Organization and Its Achievements and Failures
Position of Bengalis in Pakistan State; State Language movement; controversies in constitution making; growth of opposition parties; 1954 elections; 1956 constitution; martial law and its impact; Basic Democracies; 1962 constitution and Democratic Movement; One Unit System and Disparities between the two wings; Growth of Internal Colonialism and Two Economy Thesis; 6-point and Autonomy Movement; SAC and 11-point programme; Anti-Ayub movement and Mass Upsurge 1969; the fall of Ayub and rise of General Yahia; General elections 1970; Non cooperation movement- March 1971 and Elite Nationalism transformed into Mass Nationalism; War of liberation; Guerilla War, Frontal Battle and Role of Mukti Bahini; Role of Exile Government and different Groups; Role of major powers; Emergence of Bangladesh.
Basic Concepts: Paradigm, Approach, Theory, Methodology, Hypothesis and Generalization, Model; Significance of Approach to the Study of Politics Traditional Approaches: Institutional Approach – Subject matter: formal-legal political structure; Method: Descriptive-inductive, formal-legal and historical and comparative. Theory: casual statements and political values; Normative and Empirical Study. Modern Approaches: Behavioralism- Group Theory, Elite Theory, Systems Theory, Game Theory, Structural Functional Analysis, Political Culture, Political Socialization, Political Development: Crisis and Syndrome; Rational Choice Theory, Historical Institutionalism, Neo-institutionalism.
Introduction to Research: Meaning of research, purposes of research, types of research, importance of studying scientific research methodologyin Political Science Research Epistemology and Ontology: Philosophy of social research, different school of thoughts in social science research (positivism, interpretivism, social constructivism, pragmatism and critical perspectives) Social Theory and Social Research:Role of theory in social research, linking theory and Research, Situating Social Theory and Research. Designing Quantitative Research: Nature and definition of quantitative research design, importance of quantitative research design, types of quantitative research design (descriptive, correlational, experimental, quasi-experimental design),components of a good quantitative research design Sampling Design: Population, sample and sampling, various sampling techniques, probability sampling technique (simple random sampling; systematic sampling, stratified sampling, cluster sampling, random route sampling), sample size determination. Methods of data collection: various methods of datacollection (household survey, group survey, survey interview),choosing the appropriate method, effects of different data collection methods on survey errors, using multiple modes of data collection. Processing of Survey Data: Stages of data processing:coding, data cleaning, entering numeric data into files, editing, checking errors Weighting, Imputation for Item-missing data. Statistical Analysis of Survey Data: Univariate analysis: measures of central tendency (mean, median and mode), measures of dispersion (range, quartile deviation, mean deviation, standard deviation); bi-variate analysis (scatter plot, correlation coefficient); and multivariate analysis (principal component analysis and regression analysis) Citation and Referencing:Different styles of citation and referencing(APA, Harvard, Chicago Style), various reference management software (Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero etc.) Ethics and Politics in Social Research:Research ethics and politics, ethical codes, commonethical issues in social science research, consent of the respondents, confidentiality and anonymity, plagiarism.
Meaning of Local Governance and Local Government; Theories of decentralization; Evolution of Local Government in Bangladesh; The Local Government Acts and Reports of different reform Commissions; Central-Local Relationship; Actors in Local Governance: Local Government, NGOs and Community Organizations; Leadership pattern at the local level. Concept of Rural Development; local governance and rural development; resource mobilization-theories, Importance of rural development in Bangladesh-The nature of underdevelopment of the rural economy and the development strategy of rural economy: Basic Democracies, rural development Programs and strategies; Role of Secretariat and attached departments in rural development; Problems and prospects of rural development in Bangladesh.
The Basis for International Trade; the Principles of Comparative Advantage; Gains from Specialization and Trade; Economic Thinkers on Trade and Principles in Practice; The Mercantilist Fallacy; and Terms of Trade Productivity and Trade: Comparative Advantage in International markets; and Implications of Lagging Productivity Growth Protectionism versus Free Trade: Arguments in favor of Protecting Domestic Industries from Foreign Competitions; The Cheap Labor Fallacy; Instruments of Protectionism: Tariffs and Import Quotas; The Problem of Relation; The Global Economy: Removing Barriers to Free Trade; and The Debate over Free Trade versus Fair Trade.inistration International Finance: International Trade Transactions: International Transfers of Bank Deposits Resulting from International Transactions; Foreign Trade: Export and Import Transactions; Foreign Exchange Markets. Equilibrium Exchange rates; The Determinants of Foreign Exchange rates; Appreciations and Depreciations of Currencies; and The Principle of Purchasing Power Parity; and the Global Economy: the European Union Nominal and Real Exchange Rates: The Real Exchange rate of the dollar. 1973-1990; and the US dollar in the Foreign Exchange Market International Payments and International Monetary System; The International Balance of Payments and balance of Trade and Foreign Saving in Bangladesh: The Current Account and the Capital Account, International Monetary Economics; Operations of Multinationals in Bangladesh.
Military and Power: Concepts and linkages; Rise of Military in Modern state; Military and Professionalism: Comparison between developed and developing countries; Military Interventions: Structure-Agency Perspective; Nature of Military Interventions in the Pre and Post Cold War Era: Direct take-over versus indirect influence; Military withdrawal from and continuity in politics: Pre and Post Cold War experiences; Milbus: Military in business (Pakistan, Indonesia, Turkey and Bangladesh); Military Industrial-complex (The USA and the UK); Military expenditure and armaments(India, China, Myanmar and Pakistan; Intelligence Agencies in Politics; Military in the Peacekeeping Forces ( Bangladesh Experience); Military and the decision of War; Gender and the Armed forces; Military and the relative autonomy of state, Military and Democratization.
War of Liberation and birth of Bangladesh; Impact of War of Liberation on society and politics; problems of governance, issues of state-building and nation-building; constitution-making; 1972 Constitution, parliamentary democracy; Participation and Legitimacy Crises; performance of Mujib government; Constitutional amendments; military in Bangladesh politics: Zia and Ershad regimes 1975-1991; Issue of non-party caretaker government; elections: 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2008; Working of Parliamentary democracy since 1991; Critical issues in Bangladesh politics: elite consensus over the mechanism of power transfer, making the parliament accountable, government-opposition relations; politicization of administration; Independence of Judiciary and independence of the election commission.
Corruption: Its Meaning, Perception and Historical Evolution, Corruption and Politics. Understanding corruption- criminal offence, abuse of power, unearned income and denial of citizen’s right; Measuring corruption: approaches and methods; Critique of Transparency International (TIB) corruption perception index. Corruption and State Capture; Corruption in Public and Private Sectors including NGO’s. Patronage and clientelism; Politics: Intrusion, infiltration and trespass; Cultural and class explanations, factions, political conflict and parochial loyalty: family and locality; Centrality of State; Nature of corruption in western, socialist and developing countries; Corruption syndicate, market, media and external actors; Impact and consequences of corruption- political, economic, social and cultural; Corruption Watch- Institutional measures, and the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC); Citizen’s group, media and external actors; Evaluation of the role of Transparency International of Bangladesh (TIB). Combating Corruption: Ethics and Moral Values.
Second World war: Background, causes and polarization; wartime summit diplomacy and the end of World War 11; the origin and phases of the Cold war; Soviet Policy in Eastern Europe; Policy of Containment- East West Conflict and regional cooperation; Bipolar World System- NATO and WARSAW; peaceful coexistence and detante; changes in the east European countries and the Soviet Union; the end of the Cold War- unification of Germany; New World Order- unipolar vs. multipolar world system. ‘Clash of Civilizations’ as the ideological basis of the post-Cold War World Order, Neoconservatism and the US hegemony; Global ‘War on Terror’, international security and Critique; aggression and occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq; Bangladesh in the global ‘War on Terror; inter and intra-state conflict – UN peace keeping operations and the role of Bangladesh.
Brief History of the Middle East: Disintegration of Ottoman Empire and Sate Formation in Arab regions; Arab Nationalism; Response and Reactions toward Modernity. Iran: Political Dynamics of Pahlavi Dynasty; Iran Revolution and the crisis of the cleric regime; Democracy in Iran. Saudi Arabia: Wahabism, Role of Oil in Saudi Politics, Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy. Israel and Palestine: Origins of the conflict; Zionism, Balfour Declaration and British Mandate in Palestine; Arab Israel War of 1948, 1976 and 1973; PLO and Hamas; Peace Negotiation. Contemporary Issues in the Politics of the Middle East: Arabism, Islamic Revivalism; The Arab Spring and Democratization in Arab region; Involvement of major powers in the region; Gender and Feminism: Women’s Movement in Contemporary Middle East.
Definition and scope; Theories of Political Economy: The Classical approach, Marxian political economy, Neo-classical political economy, Keynesian political economy, Power-centered approach, Justicecentered approach; Institutional Approach; Structure and Agency debate; Theories of International Political Economy: Realism, liberalism and historical structuralism, Post-Structuralism Politicaleconomic system: Liberalism, Mercantilism, Capitalism, Socialism, Social Democracy, Mixed economy; Institutional Foundation of Capitalism: Comparative Capitalism/Varieties of Capitalism, Corporatism; Free Market Economy and Regulatory Mechanisms; States in Development: State intervention in the economy, State-Society Relations: State-Business Relations, State-Peasants Relations, State-Labor Relations; Political Regime and Development; Corruption and Economic Development: Booty Capitalism, Crony Capitalism Economic History of Bangladesh; Development Models and Strategies; Bangladesh Economy: Agriculture, Industry and Services Sector; Issues in Rural Poverty; Land ownership, landless and concentration of land; Total land reform- Urban and rural; Income distribution, savings and rural development experiments; Public enterprise-nationalization versus denationalization; Participatory development process; Monetary and Fiscal Policy; Millennium. Development Goals (MDG) and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP); Foreign aid and Development; Health Policy and Social Security; Social Business, Role of institutions in Development: NGOs, Local Government and Community Organizations.
Democracy: Origin and development of the concept; Defining democracy; Types of democracy: Majoritarian, Consensual and Consociational, Parliamentary and Presidential, Representative and Participatory democracy. Democracy as Polyarchy Democratic Values: Democracy and Equality. Democracy and Participation, Popular Control, Democracy and Justice, Democracy and Tolerance, Democracy and Consensus Democratization: Theories of Democratization: Modernization Theory, Historical Sociology and Agency Approach. Democratic Transition/Democratic Consolidation, Associative Democracy, Deliberative Democracy, Engendering Democracy, Grassroots Democracy, Radical Democracy, Democracy and leadership, Institutions and Democracy: Role of Parliament, Political Parties, Civil Society/Public Sphere, External Actors, the Armed forces and the Working class. Cases of Democratization: The USA, the UK, German, France, India, Indonesia and Bangladesh. Current debates on Democracy: Democracy and Development, Democracy and the state, Contestory/Monitory Democracy, Globalization and democracy, and Democracy and religion. Democracy in non-Western societies.
Gender, sex, third gender/trans gender and gender as social construction; Gender related terminologies: roles, needs, awareness, mainstreaming, equity and equality, planning and building gender analytical framework; Gender issues: theory, concept, approach; patriarchy, feminism, poverty, class, parity, empowerment, development; Gender development concerns: WID, WAD, GAD, WED – critical evaluation; International instruments and UN initiatives: critique of CEADAW, BPA, Beijing-5; Gender issues, changes in development discourse agenda: critique of PRSP, MDGs, SDGs, gender budgeting; Women development networks: national policy, budget, education; participation in politics, state power and governance (national and local); Violence against women: trafficking, prostitution, wife battering, sex worker menace, women advertising; curriculum mis-engineering; government policies and measures; Female-male relationship in complicated transitional perspectives: complaints, conflicts, contradictions and cases – influences of media and cultural dimensions, familial relations, economic transactions, social and religious dimensions; Gender and class contradictions: women liberation vs class and mass emancipation struggle; Weltanschauung narrowed down? Critique of gender conceptualization and social construction; Women in Globalization: Underhand and subtle control of corporate capitalism, world imperialism and globalization.
Socio-cultural and Political background of South Asia. India: Federalism; Power relationship between Centre and States; Practice of Parliamentary Democracy; Party Political Process; Coalition Building; State Ideology: Secularism versus Religion; Family Dominance and Politics, Caste and Class in Indian politics. Pakistan: Federalism; Post 1971 Presidential Parliamentary Dilemma; Power Sharing; Military takeover versus Democratization; Political Parties and Participation; Civil Society, Family Dominance in Politics. Role of ethnicity and religion in politics, Women in Pakistani politics Sri Lanka: Political System; Presidential Rule and Governmental Process; Challenges to Political Order; Ethnic Conflict and Conciliation Process; Education, Economy and Development; Family Dominance in Politics. Nepal: Transition from monarchy into democracy, Constitution making, Transition from Hindu state to a secular state, future of Maoist politics and role of ethnicity and class in Nepalease politics.
Geopolitics: Definition, Scope and its Importance; Concepts and their interlinkages: geography, political geography, geo-economics and geostrategy; heoretical developments of geopolitics; State sovereignty, National Interests and Geopolitics. Bangladesh Geopolitics in Global perspectives: Energy security, Expanding the market for its goods; Maritime security, Cyber security; the growing influence Artificial Intelligence (AL) and Geopolitics of the Internet; Climate change and geopolitics; Geopolitics and Space; . Bangladesh Geopolitics in Regional perspectives: Great power rivalry (USA, China, India, Japan)in Indo-Pacific region, Connectivity (Belt and Road Initiative-BRI); Bangladesh and SAARC, BIMSTEC and other regional organizations. Bangladesh Geopolitics in Local Perspectives: Water security, Border Management: Migration and Trafficking, Indo-China rivalry and Cartographic aggression; Maritime
Designing Qualitative Research:Nature and types of qualitative research design, importance of qualitative research design,components of qualitative research design, Social Theory and Social Research:Role of theory in social research, linking theory and Research, Situating Social Theory and Research. Data Collection Methods: Interviewing, Questionnaires: Open-ended and Semi-structured, Surveys, Participant Observation, Focus Group Discussion, Case Studies, Historical and Oral Traditions/Life Histories/Narrative Analysis, PRA, RRA, Participatory Action Research, Taking Field Notes, Use of Audio-visual Equipment, Maintaining Diary; Critical Discourse Analysis, Story Telling. Data Processing and Data Analysis Techniques:Various techniques of qualitative data analysis (content analysis, thematic analysis, narrative analysis, discourse analysis), Software application in qualitative data analysis (ANOVA) Writing Qualitative Research Report: Data into Text, Text and Reality, Kinds of Data, Dilemma over Subjective and Objective Representation, Structure of the Write up, Bibliography Presentation, Feedback and Rewriting Developing a Research Proposal:Nature and definition, structure of a research proposal, components of developing social research proposal, articulating research question, formulating hypothesis, developing theoretical framework, sampling, data collection, analysis and interpretation, planning and budgeting.
Asia :Socialist Modernization, International Socialist Market Economy under Deng Xiaoping in China; Japan as an Economic and Donor Superpower; The Korean War, Stalemate and the Emergence of Two Koreas; Pluralism and Democratization in Indonesia; Managing ethnic diversity in Malaysia Africa: Slave trade, Anti colonial movements and Decolonization process; Apartheid: South Africa, Natural Resources as a curse: Nigeria, Role of the Foreign Powers in contemporary Africa: USA, China and Saudi Arabia, Dictators and Democracy: Libya and Liberia Public Health in Africa Latin America : Colonialism, War of Independence in the 19th century: Simon Bolivar, Anti-imperialism, Revolution: Cuba, Bolivarian Revolution: Venezuela, Military intervention in Latin American politics: Chile and Argentina, Relationship between Latin America and the USA: Venezuela and Colombia.
Identity: Origin and definition; Sources of identity: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Religion and Class. Schools of (ethnic) identity formation: Primordialism, Instrumentalism and Constructivism. Nation as Imagined Communities (Anderson); Politics of Recognition (Taylor) and Politics of Presence (Anne Phillips) and Hybrid Identities (Homi Bharva) Multiculturalism: Unity and Diversity in USA and UK, Religion and Identity: USA, Israel and Iran; Ethnicity and Identity: Tamils in Sri Lanka, Kashmiri identity in India; State and Identity: Rohingya Issue in Myanmar, CHT Issue in Bangladesh and the Palestine issue in the Middle East. Identity in the age of globalization: Immigration and Refugees.
The Basis for International Trade; the Principles of Comparative Advantage; Gains from Specialization and Trade; Economic Thinkers on Trade and Principles in Practice; The Mercantilist Fallacy; and Terms of Trade Productivity and Trade: Comparative Advantage in International markets; and Implications of Lagging Productivity Growth Protectionism versus Free Trade: Arguments in favor of Protecting Domestic Industries from Foreign Competitions; The Cheap Labor Fallacy; Instruments of Protectionism: Tariffs and Import Quotas; The Problem of Retaliation; The Global Economy; Removing Barriers to Free Trade; and The Debate over Free Trade versus Fair Trade. The International Balance of Payments and balance of Trade and Foreign Saving in Bangladesh: The Current Account and the Capital Account, International Monetary Economics; Operations of Multinationals in Bangladesh. Development of Capitalism: Competitive to monopoly, Industrial capital to finance capital Imperialism; World Capitalist-center-periphery relation; World trade system, Trade Liberalization and GATT; Market economy versus protectionism and regionalism-NAFTA, AFTA; Different rounds of GATT, Dunket text and structure of WTO, TRIP, GATT; Uruguay Round and Agriculture; Uruguay Round and Multinational company or Mega corporations; Trade Liberalization and WTO; Globalization of capital. World Bank, IMF: Brettonwoods Conference, Creation and Growth of World Bank and IMF, Affiliated institutions and their (IDA, IFC etc.) functions and role in third World; Structural adjustment policies and their implications; Recent jargons: Development Partnership, PRSP, MDG; From poverty alleviation to poverty reduction- a retreat; Regional Organization: SAARC, ASEAN and EU.
Conceptual issues: traditional and non-traditional security – evolution of concepts; realist school, critical school and Copenhagen school; concepts of securitization and de-securitization; method of securitization – speech act; state and non-state securitizing actors; Human Security – UNDP, Japanese and Canadian approaches. Securitization process in operation: environment – emergence of global environment agenda, mitigation and adaptation; global institutions and processes; climate change and Bangladesh – global warming, flood, cyclone, coastal surge, riverbank erosion, water logging, salinity and drought, land degradation, deforestation, biodivernity, air polution; environmental policy and law, NEMAP, NAPA, community level adaptation. Securitization process in operation: migration – population movement between India and Bangladesh – absence of legal regime, India and Nepal – legal migration regime, Pakistan and Afghan, BangladeshMyanmar – refugee movements, India-Pakistan-Bangladesh – Bihari issue. Labour migration experience ESCAP and ESCWA.
UN and Human Rights: Charter of the United Nations, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on civil and political rights, International Covenant on economic, social and cultural rights; Human Rights and marginal groups, Human Rights and Death Penalty, State Violence and Human Rights; Democracy and Human Rights State of Human Rights in Bangladesh: Constitutional protection of human rights; Violation of human rights: arrest, detention, torture; Role of state agencies: Police, NSI, DGFI, SB; Special laws affecting Human Rights: Section 54 of criminal procedure, Special Powers Act; Special forces: Jatiya Rakkhi Bahini, Rapid Action Battalion
Public Sector Management: Meaning and nature, Public services, The boundary between the public and private sector; Governance: Major theoretical approaches; State as the main actor: Old public management and the era of hierarchy; State as a marketized agent: New public management and the era of markets; State as a hollowed out agent: Governance and the era of networks; The Return of the State: Hybrid modes of governance Coordination in partnership working; Accountability and blame shifting; Engaging with citizens and stakeholders; Policy-making in networks; Public spending: Sources of money and managing public spending; Performance measurement and management; Strategic management, Public sector project management, Talent management; Public entrepreneurship, Public-Private partnerships; Globalization and public policy-making.